The archaeological discovery of a large number of amphorae destined for the Mediterranean wine trade provides evidence that the Chateaumeillant vineyards predate the 5th century. Medieval charters and the writings of Grégoire de Tours also mention the vineyard, its regulations and the marketing of its wines in the 13th century. But it was in the French Second Empire that the vineyard reached its peak, covering an area of 1,200 hectares. It was subsequently devastated by the phylloxera crisis in the 19th century. Today Chateaumeillant is reputed for its famous “gris” (grey) wine, vinified from the Gamay grape variety. The appellation obtained AOC status in 2010.