The vineyards of Sancerre
Located on the banks of the River Loire, to the east of Bourges, the vineyards of Sancerre cover an area of 2,926 hectares.
Three soil types make up the Sancerre terroir, giving it its specificity:
– Siliceous clay soils on the hills in the eastern vineyards.
– “Caillottes”, very stony and calcareous.
– “Terres blanches” which are white in appearance and are located on the westernmost hills of the Sancerre region (clay-limestone based).
The Sancerre area of appellation includes the communes of Bannay, Bué, Crézancy, Menetou-Ratel, Ménétréol, Montigny, St-Satur, Ste-Gemme, Sancerre, Sury-en-Vaux, Thauvenay, Veaugues, Verdigny and Vinon.
Grape varieties: the Sauvignon Blanc grape for white wines and Pinot Noir grape for red wines find their pure expression in the Sancerre terroirs.
The vineyards of Pouilly-Fumé and Pouilly-sur-Loire
Located between Burgundy and the old French province known as Le Berry, the vineyards of Pouilly-Fumé cover an area of 1,262 hectares while those of Pouilly-sur-Loire total 31 hectares.
Four distinctive soil types can be distinguished within the vineyards:
- Oxfordian Villiers limestone (“caillottes”)
- Kimmeridgian marls with fossilized oyster shells (“terres blanches”)
- Portlandian Barrois limestone (“caillottes”)
- Cretaceous flinty clay (flint).
The Pouilly-Fumé and Pouilly-sur-Loire areas of appellation cover the communes of Garchy, Mesves-sur-Loire, Pouilly-sur-Loire, St Andelain, St Laurent, St Martin-sur-Nohain, and Tracy-sur-Loire, all of which are in the Nièvre department.
Grape varieties: Sauvignon Blanc and Chasselas.
The vineyards of Quincy
North-west of Bourges, the vineyards of Quincy are located on the banks of the River Cher, covering an area of nearly 254 hectares.
The vines are planted on an ancient, gently rolling terrace along the River Cher, consisting of sand and gravel. The poor soil heats up quickly.
The local climate is relatively warm and dry.
The area of appellation is divided between two communes: Quincy and Brinay.
Grape variety: Sauvignon Blanc In 1988, the Joseph Mellot and Sorbe families decided to work together. Since 1999, Domain Joseph Mellot has owned both the Jean Michel Sorbe Estate and the Pierre Duret Estate.
The vineyards of Reuilly
At the heart of the Berry region, the vineyards of Reuilly lie between the Arnon and Cher rivers, covering an area of almost 204 hectares. The vines are planted on limestone marl slopes with a medium gradient and on high terraces composed of sand and gravel. The area of appellation is divided between 7 communes: Reuilly, Diou, Lazenay, Chery, Lury, Cerbois and Preuilly. Grape varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris (Reuilly rosé).
The vineyards of Menetou-Salon
The 472 hectares of vines are planted on hills made up of limestone sediments dating back to the Upper Jurassic Period (Kimmeridgian). The area of appellation is divided between 10 communes: Menetou-Salon, Aubinges, Morogues, Parassy, Pigny, Quantilly, Saint-Céols, Soulangis, Vignoux-sous-les-Aix, and Humbligny. Grape varieties: Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir.
The vineyards of the Coteaux du Giennois
The 190 hectares of vines are situated on the slopes lining the Loire Valley in the departments of Nièvre and Loiret, benefitting from flinty limestone soils.
The Coteaux du Giennois area of appellation stretches across 14 communes: Beaulieu, Bonny, Gien, Briare, Ousson, Thou, Alligny, La-Celle-sur-Loire, Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire, Myennes, Neuvy, Pougny, Saint-Loup and Saint-Père.
Grape varieties: Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Gamay.